We have the greatest opportunity in history to make dramatic breakthroughs on many frontiers, opportunities to improve our service to society.
~Soror Virgil Lockridge ~
December is National AIDS Awareness Month
We are the only National Sorority who has a A34Life Project partnership with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) to provide HIV/AIDS education within the communities we serve.
FACTS about HIV/AIDS
Enters the Body through the…
· Lining of the anus or rectum
· Lining of the vagina and/or cervix
· Opening to the penis
· Mouth that has sores or bleeding gums
· Cuts and sores
· Needles (syringes)
HIV is transmitted through…
Through Bodily Fluids:
· Pre-Seminal Fluid Vaginal Fluid (Pre-Ejaculate)
· Breast Milk
· Anal, Vaginal, or Oral Sex
· Sharing needles or injection equipment
· From HIV-positive women to their babies
Ø Before or during birth
Ø Through breastfeeding after birth
HIV Acute Infection…
· Also called – Acute Retroviral Syndrome
· It frequently occurs in the first few weeks after HIV infection, before antibody test results become positive.
· Persons are highly contagious during this period because of extremely elevated virus concentration.
Factors that may Increase Rick of…
HIV Transmission through Oral Sex
· Oral ulcers
· Bleeding gums
· Genital sores
· Presence of other STDs
· Semen in the mouth
How does HIV lead to AIDS?
· HIV affects specific cells of the immune system, call CD4 cells, or T cells.
· Then HIV destroys a significant number of CD4/T cells, the body can no longer fight off infections and disease. When this occurs, HIV infection leads to AIDS.
· Among young people aged 13-29, African Americans account about half of new infections.
· In 2009, 50% of diagnoses of HIV infections among adults and adolescents were in Blacks/African Americans.
· 1 in 4 new HIV infections occurs in youth ages 13 to 24 years.
· About 12,000 youth in 2010, or about 1,000 per month, were infected with HIV.
· About 60% of all youth, with HIV do not know they are infected, are not getting treated, and can unknowingly pass the virus on to others.
How can HIV be prevented?
· Know your HIV status
· Get tested if you had unprotected sex at least once.
· If you are at increased risk for HIV, get tested once a year.
· Abstain from sexual activity or be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner.
· Use condoms correctly and all the time.
Ø “Natural” or lambskin condoms do not provide sufficient protection against HIV infection.
· Get tested and treated for STDs and insist that your partners do too.
Preventing the Spread of HIV…
· Male circumcision can reduce HIV transmission from women to men during vaginal sex.
· Do not inject drugs.
· You still need to be tested even if you are now in a monogamous relationship.
· Obtain medical treatment immediately if you think you were exposed to HIV.
· Sometimes, HIV medications can prevent infection if they are started quickly. This is called post-exposure prophylaxis.
· Use protection even if you take Anti-HIV medications and your viral load is undetectable as you can still infect others.
ASK… For more information about the causes, risks, prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS.
ACCEPT… Responsibility for knowing your HIV status and reducing your risk.
ACT… Responsible and in the best interest of yourself, your partner(s) and the needs of those living with HIV/AIDS.
HIV Testing – http://www.hivtest.org/ Enter zip code and testing sites in a designated mile radius will be listed.
Text “KNOWIT” to 566948 with your zip code for HIV testing sites near you.